Burns are recognized among the most painful and devastating injuries an individual can sustain and survive.
According to the National Fire Protection Association, in 2001, an estimated 99,400 children ages 14 and under were treated in hospital emergency rooms for burn related injuries.
The latest data available from the National SAFE KIDS Campaign and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), recognize the following statistics:
Accidental, or unintentional, injury is the leading cause of death among children ages 14 and younger.Leading causes of accidental injury at home are burns, drowning, suffocation, choking, poisonings, falls, and firearms.Burns and fires are the tenth most common cause of accidental death in children and adults, and account for nearly 3,400 adult and child deaths per year.Nearly 75 percent of all scalding burns in children are preventable.Toddlers and children are more often burned by a scalding or flames.
Taking the following precautions can help prevent burn injuries:
- Keep children and pets away from stoves and grills when cooking.
- Establish a 3-foot "Kid Danger Zone" around your stove and grill.
- When cooking, make sure pot handles are turned away from the front of the stove. Adults can bump pot handles causing spillage of hot contents. Toddlers and children can grab pot handles and spill contents onto themselves.
- Never wear loose fitting clothing while cooking. Shirtsleeves and other loose fitting clothing can easily catch on fire from stove burners.
- Use caution when removing foods from the microwave. Let food sit for a few minutes before handling. Carefully remove container lids or plastic wrap to avoid steam burns.
- Teach children that matches and lighters are tools for adults, not toys for children. Keep matches and lighters locked away in a safe place. Teach children the dangers of playing with fire.
- Keep your water heater at 120 degrees to prevent hot water related burns.
- Test bath water with a bath thermometer or your hand before getting in – especially for children.
- Teach children to let the faucet run for a few seconds before touching the water; it may still be very hot from previous use.
- Keep hot liquids and food away from the edge of counters where they can easily be pulled off by children.
- Make sure coffee pots and coffee machines are not accessible to children.
- Be mindful that cups containing hot liquids such as coffee, tea or hot chocolate are placed out of reach of children.
- Use glass or wire guards in front of fireplace hearths.
- Put out pan fires by sliding a lid over the pan, turning off the heat source and moving the pan to a burner not in use.
- To prevent chemical burns and poisoning in children, keep household cleaning products and other chemicals out of reach of children.
- Lock cleaners and other chemicals away in a cabinet if possible, children can gain access to items placed on shelves with the use of a chair.
- Make sure all members of your family know how to Stop, Drop, & Roll if their clothes catch on fire. Practice this procedure with children.
- Have a fire escape plan and practice it at least twice each year.
- Make sure you have one smoke detector on each level of your home, outside your sleeping area, as well as inside each bedroom.
- Change the batteries in your smoke detectors twice each year. Doing this when the time change takes place during the spring and fall seasons may be easier to remember.
- Test your smoke detectors monthly by pressing the "test" button.
- Replace any smoke detector that is 10 years old or unknown.
Please remember a few precautions can save a lifetime of pain and devastation!
Please contact our Capt. John Maydak at 414-357-0113 ext. 1512 with any questions or to arrange a Burn Prevention Program presentation for any age group.